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Oak Chips, Cubes & Spirals

Light Toast: Light Toast fresh oak, coconut and fruit flavors.

Medium Toast: Medium Toast has less tannins but more bouquet, so will impart more aroma than flavor. It has a warm, sweet character with strong vanilla overtones.

Medium Plus Toast: Medium Plus Toast is between Medium and Heavy Toast. It has aromas of honey, roasted nuts and a hint of coffee and spices. It seems to be the ideal toast level for red wines.

Heavy Toast: Heavy Toast brings pronounced caramelized, carbonized and toast flavors very quickly - it doesn't need much contact time. It is most often used in big, bold red wines.

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American oak, with flavors of vanilla, toasted coconut, caramel, honey, and coffee, has a more intense flavor than French oak. American oak has a lower level of tannin contribution than French oak so it does not add as much to the body and mouth feel of the wine. The darker the toast level the lower the tannin level will be.

French oak, with flavors of spice, vanilla, caramel, tea, toffee, and chocolate, has a more subtle flavor component than American oak. French oak has a much higher tannin content than American oak, adding complexity and structure to the body and mouth feel of the finished wine.